15 kilowatts of microwave power sustaining a hydrogen-methane plasma which is capable of heating a molybdenum substrate carrier plate to a 1,000°C and more need adequate water cooling.

But the microwave transmission line with the impedance matched transition from rectangular waveguide to a coaxial line also requires efficient water cooling.

A total of 6 optical viewports enable visual access to the plasma discharge in the center – not only for visual inspection but also for an infrared camera which helps to control thermal equilibrium across the 4 inch substrates.

The substrate stage

The entire substrate stage is motor driven and PLC controlled for adjusting the distance between substrates and the CBR microwave launcher. In addition to the main substrate height adjustment which may be sufficient for the uniform growth of microcrystalline diamond layers a much more precise secondary height adjustment system for single crystal growth is available within the main stage.

It allows selected areas of the 4 inch stage to be lowered at the deposition rate. It can be set to rates of micrometers per hour to make sure the growing surface of single crystal diamonds will remain under constant plasma properties over extended periods of time.


The CBR system is fully automated by a Siemens PLC and a suitable human computer interface for remote operation. The growth of single crystal diamonds can last as long as 2 weeks. The light intensity of the plasma discharge can be monitored very precisely and can be used to switch off the system should a plasma breakdown or any other unforeseen malfunction happen.

The hydrogen-methane plasma for the growth of micro crystalline diamond layers

Most of the substrate carrier plate is not in direct contact with the water cooled copper block underneath. An adjustable gap of serveral millimetres filled with hydrogen and methane at the given process pressure serves as a gas buffer heat sink which enables flexible relationships between injected microwave power, process pressure and substrate temperature.

The CBR system has been designed for homogeneous plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition of single crystal diamond and micro crystalline diamond layers across a 4 inch deposition area employing 2.45 GHz microwave power rather than 915 MHz and competitive cost of ownership

A system for diamond production in a vacuum plasma environment

The special way microwave power is supplied to a 4 inch substrate stage does not only produce a uniform plasma discharge but turns out to be quite moderate in terms of power consumption. A typical slow process for the growth of microcrystalline diamond layers at 145 hPa and 820°C over 4 inch only needs around 7 kW of microwave power.
The CBR system can be built as a ultra-high vacuum system. All standard flange connections can be sealed with metal gaskets and all other large non-standard flanges are equipped with polymer o-rings in twin arrangement. The volume between o-rings and flange faces can be evacuated before operation and filled with inert gas during operation.




More Products

PECVD - NCS 12 / NCS 48
PVD - NMS 250 / NMS-BM 270
PVD - RTM 25/80
This website uses cookies
We use cookies to personalize content, functions and displays on our website. Please make your selection to determine the functional scope of our cookie technology. You will find further informations regarding cookies in our Disclaimer.